tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle September 21, 2017 10:30pm-11:00pm CEST
tag germany decides what is your take on the whole position regarding not only climate change. what do you want to know about germany's general election. past w. your questions about germany but it's. not a. write to us on facebook we'll answer your questions. a race against time in mexico rescue workers are scrambling to free survivors trapped in the rubble of tuesday's earthquake the cork is ticking and those who are alive need help now i'm sara harmon in berlin and this is the day.
i don't. know the good news but it's a good there are still people and. there are still people groaning. to clear the rubble from the three more floors but you still hear people inside. and think that i'm sure nothing is going to fall down here. but i keep going to come down the beach because we know we're not going to get crushed here. i don't know i'm with my children it's going to be good because the good. also on the show during his election is are just around the corner and pollsters are predicting another term for america all but could we be in for
a surprise alaskan expert coming up but first two days that's how long it's been since mexico's deadly earthquake and the more time that passes the less likely it becomes that survivors we found alive now of course miracles do happen but with the death toll already it over two hundred fifty people and climbing the race is owing to find anyone trapped in the debris after tuesday's earthquake firefighters soldiers police and volunteers are digging sometimes with bare hands in hopes of rescuing those who are still screaming from inside the rubble. as a country holds its breath these rescuers are working round the clock scouring for any sign of life the mix of colors shows the sheer scale of it soldiers police firefighters civilian volunteers they're all here the scene at what's left of this primary school is being played out nonstop on t.v. parents agony and relief shared with the nation. states that you know my children
went to school here for six years from preschool to fourth grade thank god i took them out of the school and they were saved. and that the ills. the constant flow of work is arduous and incredibly delicate finding survivors is one thing getting them out safely quite another that you can see. partial collapses like this one captured life by the cameras pose a constant risk. that we can structures have complicated efforts to tunnel through to survivors with steel tubes specialist rescuers called moles have also been brought in to help by squeezing into narry spaces. you know you give me as they do it they're a very small holes and they asked if i could get inside as far as i could to see if i could hear something. now that. everyone here is well aware that the longer
this operation goes on the more it becomes one of recovery rather than rescue. but still there are glimmers of hope. both or he say they pulled more than fifty people alive from thirty nine collapsed buildings across the city but while people have rallied together in adversity tuesday's earthquake has raised an uncomfortable question. how could these buildings suffer so much damage standards were supposed to have improved after the devastating one nine hundred eighty five quake that killed ten thousand people. many now are too scared to return to their homes fearing further collapses thousands are camping out in shelters but unlike some in the city they can be thankful they're safe and well. well the un's children's agency unicef is one of the international organizations that's helping with the relief effort in mexico city earlier we spoke to christiane
screw about the works there. well our attention obviously is on children and that's our mandate that's what we try to do. for us their kids emotional and physical integrity is the most important thing we have seen in our response to that to the previous earthquake was twelve days prior to that to the one that took place on tuesday that. and obviously the kids are facing a lot of trauma a lot of attention and i didn't so our role is to try to get them back to some sort of normality over the normal situation trying to get them back to school if possible those schools are closed in in all of the affected areas still from there quick to leave two weeks ago as well. but also to provide them what we call a child friendly with child friendly spaces so that so they kill children through music through art through play can try to have to release some of the tension that
have inside and that would help the parents as well to make sure that their their children are a little bit better and dealing with the trauma that they have faced because it's not just the event itself that the big shake if you want but they're all over all of their bradley cust all of the aftershocks and i just came back yesterday from the from the south where there wasn't aftershocks. so that's three hundred a day and every time there's an aftershock people get scared and relive the experience so it's so with that the psychological the emotional part is extremely important christian school expecting to last for yourself thanks. hurricane maria is back over open sea and regaining strength
a day after devastating puerto rico the u.s. national hurricane center is issued a warning for the turks and caicos islands and the eastern bahamas where hit puerto rico as a category four storm and people there are only just beginning to assess the full extent of the damage. picking up the pieces after puerto rico's storm of the century here in san juan and across the island people are just beginning to come to grips with the aftermath of maria downed power lines uprooted trees and shredded roofs litter the streets it's just some of the damage from a storm that officials say battered everything in its path. meanwhile tens of thousands remain in shelters they're still uncertain when they'll be able to return home and what awaits them when they do. the storm roared ashore on wednesday morning on puerto rico's southeastern coast torrential rains
and winds of two hundred fifty kilometers per hour destroyed homes flooded streets and knocked out power to nearly the entire island residents described the scene as the strongest storm in over eighty years neared its peak. but i feel like i'm in the middle of more story. where. you can hear that we're all in the way and the doors are sherry and it feels great pellets are being thrown at my windows. northwest now being the worst of this storm and i'm told that my. puerto rico literally can't afford this disaster the united states territory declared bankruptcy earlier this year and maria will likely plunge the island deeper into financial crisis u.s. officials have promised aid. first of all other. see the same thing which is to our fellow citizens in puerto rico they are right now front and center you know
thoughts in our prayers we want them to know that the federal response will be there we want them to know that we are thinking of them first and foremost right now as they can that is very very dangerous hurricane. meanwhile others in the storm's path are bracing themselves people here are taking no chances preparing for it but hoping to escape the worst of the storm. well it's the worst kind of hate mail anonymous threatening letters containing white powder and razor blades begun while being at the home of german politicians including americal just days before sunday's election these letters were written in broken arabic and full of spelling mistakes here's one of the letters that was sent to a green politician hans christian struggling to post it on twitter and police say tests on the power of shown it's actually armless. or earlier i got an update
from cancer riddle she's an investigative journalist with the german broadcaster beauty air and she first reported the story what you know now is that a lot of high ranking for detentions among them the most prominent funds chancellor angela merkel and the ready prime minister. we see if that is this morning inside there will rise up late and white powder. and. letter written in arabic language they couldn't read what was inside but there were two births. and threw it on trucks and ok how do you think sent these letters. i think it's much too early to say anything about the persons or a group who could have sent them. what we know now is that were sent from a region in north. western germany. from
a certain post office there so not very much information to help put this in context for us how common is it the german politicians would be getting letters like these while it happens from time to time. what brought us to publish the story rolls that there were a sole many high ranking put it to just play days. before germany elections and also that there was sent to their private addresses which for security kept secret and somebody must have collected some but he was well informed ok so what kind of safety measures are currently in place in germany to make sure that politicians don't come into contact with letters like these. in the case of chancellor angela merkel she's not opening how many books by herself even datas.
some body does that for her and the case of the members of parliament if they send to the palm and they come to an office where their rate and after lots brought to the offices. all right catch a read all season investigative journalist who helped break this story thanks very much for joining us on t.w. news. well as campaigning for the german election wraps up polls are say one third of german voters are still undecided but polling organizations haven't really enjoyed the best reputation of late in the u.k. they failed to predict the outcome of the bracks that boat in the united states nearly all of them forecast a win for hillary clinton and we all know how that turned out german pollsters are hoping they've done a better job. pollsters taking the pulse of germany's voters their questions are designed to take a snapshot of public opinion and show trends it's
a difficult job in the firms don't always get it right why did most polling organizations fail to predict the bricks and vote or the results of the us election . for pre-election surveys or not predictions in the us some of what should have been seen as an opinion trend was sold as a forecast experts say an exact forecast is only possible on election day in germany up to one hundred thousand people are questioned once they've cast their votes for the pre-election survey only about fifteen hundred people are called. manfred gould there has worked for the force institute for many years he finds that there are many new operators in the polling business not all of them of high quality. it was probably it was him if you look at the bigger problem at the moment is that we have a lot of black sheep that the media won't report on without criticism and without asking how do they arrive at these numbers. one polling institute for example is
close to the far right populist a.f.d. it produces high ratings for the party and that generates headlines other posters don't gather any of their own numbers instead they crunch other people's numbers all together there's great lack of clarity as politicians often say they trust the polls less than they used to especially if the numbers are poor but then they still try to follow the changing moods of the voters. if you look many say publicly this is all nonsense i don't take it seriously what the opinion polls come to me and then they come to us through the back door and say i'm not getting any further which issue should i focus on in the election campaign just take a survey. after all many surveys do indeed reveal what people are thinking and why they vote is they do force a boss man for their for example could state at least one fact about the social democrats this whole issue quits would have many germans say martin schultz has identified the right problems but right now shortly before the election and only
about one tenth of them believe the s.p.d. can solve those problems that's one reason why according to the pollsters the s.p.d. is unlikely to win this election but as the politicians always say the only poll that really matters is the one that happens when voters actually cast their ballots . now for more on this i'm joined now by the president of the american institute for contemporary german studies at johns hopkins university jack janes jack welcome to the studio we're so pleased to have you you're in the unique position of being both a washington insider. and cider to what are your impressions since you arrived here in germany yesterday right pretty much i mean i'm here a lot but i think that basically in the last few days i've been listening to people just speculate all day long. not really knowing what they're going to see on sunday but not real enthusiastic in other words it seems like some people say we're going to the same all the same old thing miracles going to chance or for the fourth time
and at the same time everybody seems to be a little bit certain as to what any coalition is going to do differently yeah it's kind of a unique facet of this german election that the interesting question is not who's going to win but who's going to come in third and potentially be a big player in that special coalition talks the election for many seems to be a boring foregone conclusion but we've never actually being booed in rule germany is someone's words have made her do you think we could potentially be in for some surprises on polling day well i think it's possible that you might get a few more votes on the a if that nobody was expecting maybe a few months ago and you know at the same time this. would be the first time in the history the federal republic that there are actually as many parties in one study as they will be if you want to count them all including the c.s.u. you have seven and so it's essentially going to be a very full noisy probably very difficult to to to deal with parliament in the next four years you mention the f.t.
that's the far right party let's talk about them a little bit they're set to get into parliament for the very first time in post-war germany to have a far right i don't have the federal level what does that mean for the country well i think it's going to be on the one hand a confirmation that what's going on around europe in the united states as well is not immune to germany in other words it's going to have to be a rather wake up call if you will that the parties themselves in general and the public at large is he's got to figure out where is this protest where is this backlash coming from we didn't see it in the united states last november so if it does happen it'll just simply be another reminder something's got to be looked at here which wasn't there a while back this is been brewing for a while yeah some of these parties a bit the state and local level for for a lot of time it has been brewing for a while and we've seen it with the brecht that vote with the trump are those things connected in your i don't know if they're connected in the sense of the reason why
people get angry or frustrated and why did the you know so many people vote to get out of the e.u. is not very similar to why trump was voted in the details but i think that one common denominator is simply people are not feeling heard they're not feel like their ideas they don't feel like they're being paid attention to that is a common denominator somehow parties have to come to grips with what we definitely saw a lot of anger in the us election do you see that same anger in germany i do listen to the a of tea party convention last spring and as i listen to those talks and speeches i heard a lot of things that i've heard. in the run up to the election in november sixteenth so yeah i see that same kind of phenomena but you have a parliamentary system here in germany and of course most of europe and and therefore there are safety controls there i mean yes they have to make it in but the left got in and if you really go back in history you see where the greens came
in in one nine hundred eighty three parties spring up where people feel the need this party has obviously got some traction question is what is it and how long can it last and there will seem to be expressing a bit of concern in her own way on the campaign trail she was urging people to get out and vote just a few days before the election take a listen to what she had to say yeah there are many undecided voters and i want to repeat there's a lot at stake we live in uncertain times especially if you look at the world outside germany and europe and we must ensure we're on the right track for the future. that's why i have been traveling also over the last few days asking people to get eyes on. miracle they're saying she's asking people to get out and vote do you think she is worried that low voter turnout is going to hurt her it could i mean i think it would just be a trend at the moment because you know german just have extremely high vote levels
and they've been plenty percent last time around right and that's been that's low and i think that to some extent of it goes down it's only because some people feel it's not even worth voting in some extent to go back to the comparison of the states or a lot of people who didn't vote that were expected to vote on one side or the other certainly on the democratic side so i think that she's where it should be but in the end i think that there are so many people right now that are undecided about how they're going to pull that lever or whatever they do. it's a different pencil you go but i think that that's going to be as much of a problem as people who have already decided to go with a splinter vote how do you get back to how do you address these people how do you how do you connect with them i mean some people have accused americal of shifting right to try and appeal to some of the after voter base is more conservative and see immigrant voters do you agree that she has done that do you think what happened when when she you know all of sudden was confronted with a million people that were coming in this is. two thousand and fifteen she did that
because she believed it was the right thing to do but then she realized that our country wasn't prepared for it and to measure that up she had to go back and figure out ok how do we make sure that another wave like that doesn't happen so she did the deal with turkey and then you know she's continuing to sharpen up the border controls she had to do that but i think that that's something again that's comparative because you find that in france you find that britain and you certainly find it you know that in the united states the debate over immigration and border and wall to wall building is pretty heated it was a hot button issue in the u.s. election i think the discussion in germany has been. lightly more nuanced than let's build a huge wall but how is that decision viewed in the u.s. so let almost a million refugees into germany last year you know what i think it reflected the debate in the united states there are a lot of people myself included who felt that that was something that was very magnanimous and to some extent a response to an immediate crisis well you wind up with
a crisis then you have to react to another crisis and that's what she's been doing ever since so i think that to some extent the question is you know how does she become weili what her reputation is and that is a good crisis management he's done that for twelve years successfully she's been elected three times she's probably going to like that of a fourth time on sunday she's got to learn how to figure out how to continue that talent while inspiring people at the same time to continue to figure out what are the other problems that they have to deal with so that they don't get caught up once again blindsided by a party that all of a sudden appears out of nothing this is a woman who's going for her fourth term as chancellor she has outlasted so many other western european leaders it's almost amazing to look back at those from two years ago me like well he's gone and he's gone she's still there do you think it's something unique about herself or is it that german voters don't like to mess with a good thing and i think it's that i think is that latter thing i mean she's got her own talent for having you know told people don't worry i got this covered she
had a very calm soothing manner about her but remember helmut kohl was in there for sixteen years and people went through that process of having him where they thought stabilities to sustainability he was somebody they could trust come on german unification and all that pretty well so i think that she's had the benefit of being able to travel through a crisis make sure that people feel like it's competent. governance but this is always a problem around the corner and there's going to be plenty down the road if she gets re-elected. what role will merkel have to play if she does get reelected because here in germany we all. and say oh she is the new leader of the free world out there trumps election is that a view that's shared in the u.s. i mean i think that people know her because she's been in office for twelve years and therefore the other candidates are not particularly well known but no i think it's more a question of the fact that she has been sustained sustainable and to some extent she's remained popular my sense is that people look at and say if europe is going
to hold together they're going to need someone who's got the talent to do that and i think that's the reason that probably people are saying this is a horse worth betting one time but i'll tell you something the day after she is elected the speculation about who's going to be her successor will immediately begin it will make it difficult for her but she's going to have to deal with that too that's a conversation we journalists are all looking forward to having we have to have you back in the studio jack janes thanks very much for being with us today thank you. to spain now are supporters of the catalonian independence movement are continuing their protest in barcelona that's the capital of the autonomous region and this follows wednesday's police arrests of cattle on officials and rains on their offices there is anger in the region over the spanish government's efforts to prevent catalonia from holding an unauthorized independence vote on the first of october. thousands of protesters take to the streets of pass alone are the target
of their fury at the police when they cross the red line today. earlier the offices of the catalan regional government were searched and fourteen people arrested their alleged crime preparing for the independence referendum on october the first. special spain has effectively lifted catalonia is autonomous status and imposed on us a state of emergency. the police operation marks an escalation the spanish government is doing all it can to stop catalonia and economic powerhouse from breaking away madrid views the referendum is illegal and spanish unity is a cornerstone. responsibility. that to the protagonists in the catalan regional government who are behind this threat to our coexistence. that you stop your illegal acts given that you abandon your proposals. you already know
that this referendum you won't be taking place. it was never legal nor legitimate now it's just an impossible dream or what's worse an excuse that some are looking for to cause a deeper rift that they've caused in cotland society. pro independence campaign is a determined the referendum will go ahead police who are supposed to prevent the ballot have been banned from taking any holiday. and that's the day thanks for watching.
cast and germany to meet the candidates. w. my song cheering on city. tomorrow today. w. . she's long been a symbol of hope in syria trying to help people. assad does she stand for change and for the false facade of her husband's rule of terror. she believes in what projection that that they are saving syria. the beautiful